structural engineering terms

Sign up. Test. “sticks”; often seen in single-family, multi-family, hospitality, and small commercial construction, What it is not: A raised platform for a speaker, performer, or the leader of an orchestra (, What it is: The lower portion of a building supporting an upper superstructure of a different building type. Imposed Load: the load imparted to a structure by the objects that it supports, such as people, furniture, vehicles and so on. Commonly (though erroneously) known as “cinder blocks”, these manufactured units come in a variety of standard sizes and are laid up like bricks and mortared together to form walls, with or without steel reinforcement (rebar). The two terms, civil and structural engineering are used to denote two engineering disciplines. Display and/or use of the information contained within this site constitutes acceptance of the Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Traditionally, structural engineering is classified as a sub discipline of civil engineering. Duragal is a brand name for a range pre-galvanised steel poles/stumps/columns/posts. A force that occurs when one side of an object is being compressed while the other is under tension. What it is not: An obscure character out of Dr. Seuss’s Fox in Socks. May be made of any suitable material such as concrete, masonry, steel or timber. The spacing of purlins is selected based on the loads, the capacity of the roof cladding to span between supports and the capacity of the purlin to span between walls, beams or rafters. It is an instruction to the fabricator and/or boilermaker that a fillet weld joint is required between two pieces of steel. Flexible Design provides the framework for anticipating disruptive trends & impacts. We prefer sewer flood tests over camera inspections of pipework as an initial test. The list of abbreviations used in a set of structural drawings varies from office to office. I think a camera inspection of pipework is like sticking your head in a bucket of water to look for a leak – a flood test is so much easier and more accurate. Civil Engineering vs. The sheer scope of structural engineering work isn’t easily summed up in one sentence. Start studying Structural Engineering Terms and Definitions. Class M soil (in Australia) is a classification that indicates a soil is M oderately responsive to changes in soil moisture conditions.. CMU construction is used in a variety of low-rise applications, particularly when durability, acoustic separation, and/or fire separation is a concern. Sticks of timber used to visually graded and assessed by a person that worked in the sawmill. Architects design the spaces, appearances, and functions of buildings. Limiting deflection to an appropriate value is often the governing consideration in design of buildings, to ensure serviceability in use. The change in a material due to stress but the material can return to its original shape when the stress is removed. Live Load: another term for Imposed Load. (updated April 7, 2017). We look forward to meeting you soon. Now you just have to find it and repair it. Formwork is the temporary timber or steel framing used to support new concrete construction until the concrete is poured and cured. STUDY. These are the main reasons we prefer raft slabs over waffle slabs. The amount a material distrots due to the force applied. Padstone: a piece of masonry designed to spread a concentrated load (such as the support reaction from a beam) into a structure. Bearing: the point of support for a beam, such as on a wall. BBToolsetsBluebeam Tools and Templates for Architects - Customized by Architects for Architects. PLAY. If you have a terminology that you’re stuck on, contact us and let us know to add it to the list. Your engineer will specify what minimum grade of concrete you should be using. Joist: a beam usually arranged in parallel with others to support a floor, roof or ceiling. Have a great day! The base, or abutments, prevents the structure from spreading out. What it is: A type of concrete foundation slab that is sometimes used in locations where the ground below is expected to expand and contract substantially with wet/dry cycles. Standard MGP grades are MGP10 (normally non-structural timber), MGP12 (structural timber) and MGP15 (more expensive structural timber). They generally come in 70mm high “C” shapes and 90mm high “C” shapes. Thank you for your feedback. 2020 Structural Engineers. Structural Engineering Terms and Definitions. The higher the grade, the higher the strength properties of the timber – but also the more expensive it is. A concrete suspended slab that derives most of its strength from high tensile cables that are draped through the slab at special locations and heights. A waffle slab is constructed on top of firm, flat ground by forming the perimeter with conventional formwork and the internal strip footings with polystyrene void formers. Typical strap dimensions are 30mm x 0.8mm. Beams may also be inclined or cranked (with a bend in the vertical plane) to suit the shape of a roof, for example. Please consult a professional architect, engineer, consultant, or agency for advice about specific projects, buildings, conditions, codes, and/or regulations. The disadvantages of waffle slabs are that they rely on the ground staying firm and flat (and dry) for best performance. Beams deflect due to bending, even when made of steel or concrete. Depending on the location of your building, the DuraGal might need extra corrosion protection. What it is: A building whose walls, floors, and/or roof are built out of dimension lumber (i.e. Start a Jam and invite your friends and classmates to join! I'd like to speak to a structural engineer, I have files to send to Cornell Engineers, I'd like to know more about Cornell Engineers, An engineer’s inspection of a Waffle Slab. Commonly these are made from concrete either cast in-situ or pre-cast, or engineering bricks. A waffle slab sits entirely on top of the ground. Needle Beam: a short length of timber or steel that is inserted through a hole in a wall, with props at each end to enable the wall to be supported while work takes place beneath.

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