Traveling to experience places not just visit them! 6 (trans. The east end of the enclosure is open, allowing the rising sun to illuminate the altar at the west end of the cella. Amazing histories! In the 7th century AD, the temple was turned into a church dedicated to Saint George Akamas. The church remained in use through 1834, then became a museum until the 1930s. The temple consisted of an annex in front of the entrance and the back-end. I hope to get to Italy some day as well! That was why it was dedicated to the god of smiths and metallurgy, Hephaestus. The Athenians directed their funds towards rebuilding their economy and strengthening their influence in the Delian League. On the west side the sculptures depict the fall of Troy. This means I get a small commission for each qualifying purchase through my links at no charge to you. The friezes on the east metopes (facing the Agora) are the finest, depicting the Labors of Hercules. Thanks! Then I’m on to South Carolina!! The last Divine Liturgy in the temple took place on 21 February 1833, during the celebrations for the arrival of Otto in Greece. The temple has 6 columns on the short east and west sides and 13 on the north and south sides. The temple is located about 500 m to the Northwest from the Acropolis and about 1 km to the West of the modern centre of Athens, the Syntagma square. It was a marketplace with many shops in it, Built between 159 to 138 BC as a thank you to Athens from King Attalos of Permagon (an ancient city in Greece). Its friezes and other decorations have been greatly damaged by earthquakes and invasions along the centuries. In the 19th century, the temple was used as a burial place for the non-Orthodox Europeans and philhellenes. Another is based on the literal sense of the word akamates (= flaneur, or loiterer), because during the Ottoman Era the temple was used only once a year, on the day of the feast of St. George. There were many philhellenes among them who gave their lives during the Greek war of independence (1821-1830). From the 7th century until 1834, it served as the Greek Orthodoxchurch of Saint George Akamates. The Temple of Hephaestus is a well-preserved Greek temple located at the north-west side of the Agora of Athens; it remains standing largely as built. Learn how your comment data is processed. Easter Aquhorthies stone circle, located near Inverurie, is one of the best-preserved examples of a recumbent stone circle, and one of the few that still have their full complement of stones. In the early 19th century, this temple-turned-church became a burial place for many Protestants and those who died in the Greek War of Independence in 1821. All rights reserved. By metro. All rights reserved. In Athens we stayed at the Electra Palace Hotel which is in the Plaka area of Athens and within walking distance of everywhere we went. The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion (also "Hephesteum"; Ancient Greek: Ἡφαιστεῖον, Modern Greek: Ναός Ηφαίστου) or earlier as the Theseion (also "Theseum"; Ancient Greek: Θησεῖον, Modern Greek: Θησείο), is a well-preserved Greek temple; it remains standing largely as built. The temple is peripheral, with columns that surround the central enclosed cella. The last Divine Liturgy in the temple took place on 21 February 1833, during the celebrations for the arrival of Otto in Greece. Love the sunset photo. 420–413 BC respectively. Furthermore, this temple is still completely standing. The alignment of the antae of the pronaos with the third flank columns of the peristyle is a design element unique middle of the 5th century BC. However, the Stoa fell to ruin after being destroyed in 257 AD and after that was used as a defensive wall. Exactly when the temple was converted to a Christian church remains unknown. We are a non-profit organization. You can add your own historic sites and attractions to SpottingHistory.com. Well, it’s not because we weren’t well fed! great pictures, but where are the ones of the food and drink?! Today, the temple of Hephaestus in Greece is protected as an archaeological monument. The placename Aquhorthies derives from a Scottish Gaelic word meaning 'field of prayer', and may indicate a 'long continuity of sanctity' between the Stone or Bronze Age circle builders and their much later Gaelic successors millennia later. In the pediments, the Birth of Athena (east) and the Return of Hephaistos to Olympos (west), and, as akroteria, the Nereids Thetis and Eurynome (west) accompanied by Nikai, the two ensembles are dated to ca. The temple is reminiscent of the Parthenon and Temple of Zeus with the large Doric Style Columns. The frieze of the pronaos depicts a scene from the battle of Theseus with the Pallantides in the presence of gods while the frieze of the opisthodomos shows the battle of Centaurs and Lapiths.. This gives the humankind an opportunity to appreciate some of the first examples of architecture in the western tradition. A Doric peripteral temple with some Ionic elements, the temple consists of a rectangular enclosure surrounded by an outer colonnade on all four sides. The western frieze was completed between 445–440 BC, while the eastern frieze, the western pediment and several changes in the building's interior are dated by these scholars to 435–430 BC, largely on stylistic grounds. The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion (also "Hephesteum"; Ancient Greek: Ἡφαιστεῖον, Greek: Ναός Ηφαίστου) or earlier as the Theseion (also "Theseum"; Ancient Greek: Θησεῖον, Greek: Θησείο), is a well-preserved Greek temple; it remains standing largely intact. Or take No. On the eastern side, there were ten metopes, which were visible from the Agora: the nine labours of Hercules were depicted on them. 25, 26, 27, 35, 500 — the stop you need is called Thessaloniki Isap Station. The ten metopes on the east side depict the Labours of Heracles. Sacred Destinations is an online travel guide to sacred sites, religious travel, pilgrimages, holy places, religious history, sacred places, historical religious sites, archaeological sites, religious festivals, sacred sites, spiritual retreats, and spiritual journeys. Hephaestus is the Greek god of blacksmiths, metalworking, carpenters, craftsmen, artisans, sculptors, metallurgy, fire (compare, however, with Hestia), and volcanoes. 430 and ca. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Used as a temple until 7 AD when it became the Church of St George Akamas until 1834. The decorative sculptures highlight the extent of mixture of the two styles in the construction of the temple. The frieze over the pronaos shows a scene from the Battle of Theseus and the Pallantids, with the gods looking on, while the frieze over the opisthonaos depicts the Battle of the Lapiths and Centaurs. Get off at Monastiraki or Tisio station (green line). There were numerous potters' workshops and metal-working shops in the vicinity of the temple, as befits the temple's honoree. ❤️. While the architectural sculptures that were decorating the temple were made of marble quarried on the island of Paros. The east pediment depicted the deification of Hercules and the west had another scene from the Battle of the Lapiths and Centaurs. In the temple, two deities were worshiped together: the god Hephaestus, the defender of metallurgists, and the goddess Athena Ergana, who protected potters and artisans. Jones), Learn how and when to remove this template message, persecution of pagans in the late Roman Empire, Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial, The American School of Classical Studies at Athens, "Some public monuments of Valletta 1800–1955 (1)", Remains of the Acharnian Road, Acharnian Gate and Cemetery Site, House of Saint Philothei/Benizelos-Palaiologos mansion, Cathedral Basilica of St. Dionysius the Areopagite, Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Temple_of_Hephaestus&oldid=963030843, 5th-century BC religious buildings and structures, Conversion of non-Christian religious buildings and structures into churches, Articles needing additional references from March 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wychbury Hill (1758) Pedmore, Stourbridge, West Midlands, "The Temple of Hephaestus" by Leo Masuda Architectonic Research Office, This page was last edited on 17 June 2020, at 11:32.
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